When to Plant Broccoli Seeds
Broccoli can be planted in both the Spring and Fall. The seeds can germinate with temperatures as low as 40 degrees F. **If you live in a warmer climate, broccoli does best with a Fall planting.
Where to Plant Broccoli Seeds
Broccoli needs full sun and moist soil. Slightly acidic soil is preferred - for soil testing, contact your local Agricultural Extension office.
How to Plant Broccoli Seeds
Plant the seeds ½ inches deep in fertile soil. If planting in rows, plant 12-24 inches apart with rows 36 inches apart. Make sure to keep your broccoli plants watered, but take care to not get the developing broccoli heads wet while watering.For Spring planting: sow seeds indoors 2-3 weeks before the last frost. For Fall planting: sow seeds 85-100 days before the average Fall frost, during mid- to late-summer.
How to Harvest Broccoli
Harvest your broccoli when you see that the buds of the head are firm. Cut the stalk of the main head at a slant, and smaller side shoots will grow up from where you’ve cut. **If you live in a warmer climate, broccoli does best with a Fall planting. If you fear that your soil will be too hot, a layer of mulch will help ensure cooler soil temperatures. Make sure to harvest your broccoli before the yellow flower petals start to show - those parts have a mealy texture.