When to Plant Lemon Balm Seeds
Start Lemon Balm indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost of the season or sow directly into the garden after the last frost of the season.
Where to Plant Lemon Balm Seeds
Lemon Balm grows best in average soils that are dry with access to full sun (6-8 hours of sun per day) to partial sun (4-6 hours of sun per day). Well draining soils are beneficial. Avoid soils that stay wet, as root rot will occur.
How to Plant Lemon Balm Seeds
Lemon Balm seeds require light to germinate, so be careful not to cover them when planting. Learn more about germination light requirements here.
When started indoors, transplant into the garden 8-12 inches apart. When started from seed outdoors, spread onto moistened soil via broadcasting. Do not cover the seed, as light is needed for optimal germination.
How to Harvest Lemon Balm
For the most potent flavor, harvest Lemon Balm before the plant flowers. Older leaves have a stronger flavor than younger ones. Simply cut mature leaves from the stems of the plant, leaving some behind to keep it healthy. Pruning Lemon Balm can encourage new leafy growth and a bushier appearance. Leaves can be used fresh to garnish a cooked dish or add to a salad, or they can be hung to dry in a cool, dark place. Store dry leaves in an airtight container such as a jar.